2007 Mock Pre-Release Session.1

This is the first session in preparation for your mock exam. Please read the post whilst studying the resources, also have a go at answering the questions.

Understanding some trigger terms.

You may find the following trigger words in your exam questions, in order to answer the questions you need to understand the trigger terms.

Term Meaning
Describe Say what you see.
Explain Say why is happens.
Suggest Give reasons.
Reasons Evidence or ideas.
Justify Give evidence and examples to support your answers.

Why is the U.K’s population growing?

As Resource 1 shows the U.K. population is growing, there are a number of reasons for this



  • The death rate is in the U.K. is low because of improvements in quality of life (better nutrition, better housing, less dangerous and strenuous occupations, better healthcare and education etc), this means that people are living longer.
  • Because the birth rate is relatively low in the U.K. (due to better education, access to contraception, female emancipation, better becoming married later, the rising costs of bringing up children etc), this has resulted in a deficit in the number of skilled workers available to industry and business, also many Britons may not wish to take manual jobs in the economy, due to low wages, or may not have the skills and education to be employed in more skilled positions. This gap has been filled with migrants.
  • The U.K. is part of the European Union (E.U.), under the Treaty of Rome, citizens of any country in the E.U. are able to work and live in the U.K.
  • The increase in the number of migrants has led to a small increase in the birth rate, remember that economic migrants are often young and therefore more fertile!

Look at Resource 3.


What is meant by the term net migration?

Net migration is the difference between immigrants (people entering the country) and emigrants (people leaving the country.)

What is natural increase?

Natural increase is the difference between the birth rate (the number of new born babies per 1000 of thousand of the population) and the death rate (the number of deaths per 1000 of the population).

Looking at Resource.3 can you describe the trends.

When describing the graphs use the following rules

  • Describe the obvious patterns.
  • Provide figures and dates if available.
  • Note any exceptions.

What impact has the increasingly population had on housing?

Look at Resource 4.


This resources helps us explain why available housing is an important issue in the U.K. . The average number of people living in a household has declined.

  • People are getting married later or choosing not to marry, there are more single households.
  • The divorce rate in the U.K. has also increased and the stigma of being a single parent has changed, meaning there are more households of lone parents.
  • Remember the population is also increasing, due to migration, people living longer and increased birth rates, these factors mean that more housing is needed.
  • It is often the case now that people may own more than one home, maybe for investment purposes or as a holiday retreat.

Look at Resource.4 and 5.

A rise in population, a change in the nature of households and the increase in second home buying has resulted in a housing crisis

  • Less available housing means higher prices.
  • Young single people may not be able to afford the deposits or mortgage repayments to buy a home.
  • This is particularly a problem for key workers. People who are vital for the community and economy, such as teachers, firemen, doctors etc, who are paid by the Government and tend to have lower wages than private sector workers.

The Government has attempted to solve this problem by encouraging the building of  low cost housing aim at young key workers, in areas with particularly high prices, flexible finance schemes have been introduced for key workers including

  • 100% mortgages, thereby no deposit.
  • Mortgages where people pay only the interest on the loan, in the hope that the home increases in value or to provide people time to sort their finances, before they begin repayments.
  • Part purchase/Part rent.
  • Easily applications for shared ownership, buying with your friends.

Look at Resource 6 and 7.

Why do you think that Gloucester would be an attractive place to live?

Attractive is an interesting term to define, on one level it can mean how a place looks, on another level it can mean factors that attract you to live in a place.

Some things to consider

  • Compare to England and Wales housing prices are lower.
  • Consider the map resources, why would the location be good for your quality of life? Think about access to services such as schools, transport links in order for people to get to work, cultural heritage such as museums and churches, and the landscape, open spaces, rivers, and rural areas.

How attractive is ‘your place?’

This is a personal opinion for example

Ilkeston is attractive

  • Traditional High Street with a range of well-known multiples.
  • Traditional High Street with Georgian and Victorian architecture.
  • Town centre has a Victorian theme to reflect its heritage.
  • Town centre has been ‘greened’, using trees, shrubs and hanging baskets.
  • Semi-rural surrounded by greenfield land.
  • Surrounded by small attractive villages such as Mapperley.
  • Close to public open spaces and nature reserves such as Swan Lakes, Nutrbook trail and Shipley Park.
  • On the doorstep of the Peak District National Park.
  • Affordable house prices, less than the national average.
  • Transport links, good access to the M.1, East Midlands Airport, buses and railway stations. 1 and 1/2 hours from London.
  • Good access to services such as schools and hospitals.
  • Close to Nottingham
    and Derby, work, shopping, entertainment and cultural heritage.

Ilkeston is unattractive

  • Surrounding landscape has been dominated by heavy industry and it’s decline, i.e. mining, Stanton Steel.
  • High Street has been impacted upon by out of town shopping and close regional shopping areas, leading to vacant shops, vandalism and decline of shop frontages e.g. Lower Bath Street.
  • Issues of crime, including a problem with drugs.
  • Anti-social behaviour is a problem (?).
  • Declining employment opportunities, particularly within heavy industry and manufacturing.
  • Lack of leisure and entertainment facilities.

Any others?

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  1. Posted November 17, 2007 at 3:10 pm | Permalink

    1 and 1/2 hours to London is pushing it!
    I’ve had a read through the booklet, all seems a bit daunting at first but I’ll wait until I have a paper copy in front of me to sit and study in detail.

  2. Posted November 17, 2007 at 5:27 pm | Permalink

    Via train 😉

  3. Posted November 17, 2007 at 9:38 pm | Permalink

    Depends if you have breakfast on the way or not!!!!

  4. Posted November 17, 2007 at 11:17 pm | Permalink

    They never have breakfast in the class I travel on… 😉

  5. Alan Parkinson
    Posted November 18, 2007 at 9:51 pm | Permalink

    Should I mention the additional information on KES blog Tony or keep it quiet ?
    If it’s OK, add this comment, if not, reject it…

  6. Posted November 18, 2007 at 10:57 pm | Permalink

    Free feel, I hope that someone will use their head and realise that your students did this exam last year 🙂

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